Note: X and Y are coordinates (light years on XY plane) relative to Terra at (0, 0)
Bolan nearby systems
|X:Y Coordinates||-277.973 : 5.192[e]|
|Recharge time||185 hours|
- 1 Bolan
- 2 Bolan II
- 2.1 Planetary History
- 2.2 Planetary Rulers
- 2.3 Military Deployment
- 2.4 Geography
- 2.5 Planetary Locations
- 2.6 Industrial Centers
- 2.7 Notes
- 2.8 Map Gallery
- 2.9 Nearby Systems
- 2.10 References
- 2.11 Bibliography
The Bolan system is located near the Finsterwalde and Gypsum systems and consists of a class G4V primary orbited by at least two planets. During the thirty-first century a recharge station was in place at the zenith jump point.
- 2271 - Inhabited world 
- 2341 - Inhabited world 
- 2426 - Free Worlds League 
- 2427 - Lyran Commonwealth 
- 2441 - Free Worlds League 
- 2571 - Free Worlds League 
- 2596 - Free Worlds League 
- 2750 - Free Worlds League 
- 2764 - Free Worlds League 
- 2765 - Free Worlds League 
- 2785 - Lyran Commonwealth 
- 2786 - Lyran Commonwealth 
- 2822 - Lyran Commonwealth 
- 2864 - Lyran Commonwealth 
- 3025 - Lyran Commonwealth 
- 3030 - Lyran Commonwealth 
- 3040 - Federated Commonwealth 
- 3050 - Federated Commonwealth 
- 3052 - Federated Commonwealth 
- 3057 - Lyran Alliance 
- 3063 - Lyran Alliance 
- 3067 - Lyran Alliance 
- 3075 - Lyran Alliance 
- 3079 - Lyran Alliance 
- 3081 - Lyran Alliance 
- 3085 - Lyran Alliance 
- 3135 - Lyran Commonwealth 
- 3145 - Lyran Commonwealth 
- 3146 - Free Worlds League (from May)
- 3151 - Free Worlds League 
|Atmospheric pressure||Standard (Breathable)|
|Equatorial temperature||54°C (Desert)|
|Highest native life||Birds (3067)|
|Reference Year||3067 - 3079|
|Ruler||Duke Alder Umayr (3067)|
|Capital||Mumbai (until 2785)|
Bolan II - more commonly referred to simply as Bolan - is the second planet in the Bolan system and has served as a regional capital for the Free Worlds League, Lyran Alliance and Lyran Commonwealth. Bolan is home to the Melissa Steiner Martial Academy of Bolan.
A dry mountainous world, Bolan was originally settled by people from the Indian subcontinent on Terra. Fortunately the world had enough natural resources to support a modest population and industrial capability.
The original settlers, once freed from their Terran Alliance oppressors, quickly fell to fighting among themselves. Water, trade routes, and access to natural resources were all subject to conflicts between the numerous city-states that formed the world. These conflicts would continue to be a part of Bolan culture throughout the history of the human inhabitation of the planet.
The Age of War
In 2427 the Lyran Commonwealth launched another campaign against the Free Worlds League, beginning with landing troops on Bolan. The Lyran forces seized Bolan and dug in, while further attacks captured the League worlds of Dixie and Kamenz, leading the Free Worlds League Parliament to disband the War Powers Act and install Terrence Marik as Captain-General in response. Terrence Marik was an intelligent military leader and launched two counter-attacks on Bolan, one in 2427 and one five years later in 2432, but despite destroying a significant number of Lyran units in each assault he was unable to recapture Bolan.
Terrence stepped down in 2441, preferring to let another of the Marik family take the title of Captain-General and with it perhaps see more successes than he had; after a brief internal struggle within the family, his brother Peter Marik II became Captain-General, and successfully recaptured both Bolan and Kamenz that same year.
The Reunification War
In late 2583 a significant portion of the Free Worlds League Military garrison on Bolan had to be redeployed to the Rim Worlds Republic world of Urjala, which had been conquered months before by forces from the 2nd Marik Auxiliary Corps operating as a part of Task Force MAILED FIST, the Star League Defense Force task force created to intervene in the Rim Worlds Republic civil war and restore First Consul Gregory Amaris to power. The three Free Worlds League units responsible for capturing Urjala, the Second Brigade of the Fusiliers of Oriente, the Second Regulan Hussars and the Second Defenders of Andurien, had quickly defeated the local garrison drawn from the Fourth Amaris Fusiliers, but had soon discovered that they lacked the numbers to actually control all the occupied territory. After months of active insurgency that weakened the Star League hold on Urjala the need for reinforcements was clear, and the detachment from the Bolan garrison arrived in late 2583, finally securing the planet.
Star League Era
Bolan's resources and industrial base were further developed during the Star League era, and Bolan housed a SLDF base on the island continent of Sabari; this base, dubbed the Overwatch, was subsequently used as a base by units from the Bolan Defenders after the last SLDF garrison, the 418th Mechanized Infantry Division, left Bolan.
The Lyran Commonwealth launched an invasion of Bolan in early March 2785. The attack, dubbed Operation ELBOW JOINT, was considered by the Lyran Commonwealth High Command to be a "pre-emptive strike", with the Free Worlds League annexation of the Millungera and Saltillo systems in 2783 and 2784 cited as precedent. At the time, Bolan's primary defenders were two regiments from the Bolan Defenders brigade, under the overall command of Colonel Salam Tutt of the Sixth Bolan Defenders, supported by a WarShip flotilla consisting of the Aegis-class heavy cruiser FWLS Manaslu and three League-class destroyers, the FWLS Talwar, FWLS Turk and FWLS Tyberium. The invasion began with Lyran forces using a free merchant-flagged JumpShip, the Lucian Bell, transporting a converted Mule-class DropShip serving as a fighter carrier to seize the zenith recharge station; while Lyran marines seized the station, the two squadrons of fighters transported by the Mule engaged and destroyed the defending patrol ships, but not before one of the shuttles managed to broadcast a warning to the defenders on Bolan.
With the recharge station secured, the bulk of the invasion force under the command of Leutnant-General Richard Johonson von Eilenburg jumped into the system in two groups; one arrived at the zenith jump point, whilst the other arrived three days out from Bolan via a LaGrange point. Each group was escorted by WarShips, with a Commonwealth-class cruiser escorting a flotilla of JumpShips transporting a regiment of troops at the zenith jump point and a flotilla of four Mako-class corvettes and a pair of Commonwealths escorting another two regiments appeared at the LaGrange point. The first major engagement took place in space, with the Talwar, Turk and Tyberium engaging the Lyran WarShips accompanying the first group, forcing two Makos - the LCS Nerva and LCS Vespasian - to withdraw and nearly destroying a third, before the two accompanying Commonwealths and their attendant fighter and assault DropShip screen forced the three Leagues to withdraw. The two Commonwealths - the LCS Caledonia and LCS Donegal - engaged after the corvettes, which had ranged too far ahead of the heavier ships in their eagerness to engage the three Leagues. The Lyran ships escorted the DropShips to ensure that the ground forces could land, before launching a series of cat-and-mouse engagements with their opponents; this went on until the second Lyran group completed their burn from the zenith jump point to Bolan's orbit. The four Free Worlds League WarShips engaged their Lyran opponents again, destroying two Makos and forcing a Commonwealth to retreat, but at a cost; both the Tyberium and the Manaslu were crippled, leaving Tutt with just the Talwar and Turk. The Caledonia had taken heavy damage from the Manaslu while the Tyberium, already heavily damaged, had launched a suicidal attack on the Donegal that left the Tyberium breaking apart in Bolan's upper atmosphere, shedding escape pods until the last seconds. The Talwar and Turk were responsible for the destruction of the LCS Aurelius and LCS Vitellius, only breaking off their attack when they detected the Commonwealth-class Furillo burning in from the zenith jump point.
When the Lyrans arrived, the two regiments of the Bolan Defenders - Tutt's Sixth Bolan Defenders and the Tenth Bolan Defenders under the command of Colonel Henri Balkichek - were already dispersed across the major continents on Bolan, with half the garrison actively engaged in wargames. Tutt responded to the invasion sending an emergency HPG broadcast and deployed the bulk of the Tenth to defend Mumbai, the planetary capital city, whilst moving a battalion of the Sixth to support the forces at Mumbai from Quetta, a port city also located on the Sakete continent. Another battalion of the Tenth was assigned a third of the Sixth's supporting elements and tasked with defending Calcutta, the largest city on the Kashmir continent. The remaining two 'Mech battalions from the Defenders were assigned to defending the Overwatch, while the remaining support elements were dotted around townships on Kashmir and Sakete in company strength units, defending such major townships as Multan, Peshawar, Sibi, Sukkur and Vadora. While there were also security forces and a local militia, Tutt ordered them to avoid engaging the Lyran forces, and instead report all contacts with the enemy and provide information on the location and disposition of Lyran units.
The first ground engagements took place around Peshawar, a city on Kashmir; the Eleventh and Fourteenth Arcturan Guards landed and swiftly took the city, wiping out the defenders and holding in place, leading Tutt to believe that they were readying an assault on Calcutta. Johonson ordered his ground forces to stay mobile to avoid the risk of being trapped by either artillery or orbital bombardment, but also ordered them to strike hard and fast at the League troop concentrations in Quetta and Calcutta, while fighters and assault DropShips conducted sweeps and bombing missions over the towns near both targets. This was followed on the 16th of March by the arrival of the Tenth Skye Rangers, their arrival heralded by the orbital bombardment of the Quetta spaceport by the Furillo, intended to destroy the Bolan Defenders DropShips located at the spaceport whilst also crippling the Defenders' primary refueling point for their aerospace forces. With the forces around Quetta left in chaos, the Eleventh Arcturan Guards made a sub-orbital deployment from their position to a new point between Quetta and Mumbai, with air support from the Rangers giving the Lyran forces control of the skies; the Eleventh then struck at Mumbai, and by the end of the 17th of March both Calcutta and Mumbai were under siege and heavily damaged, with the Defenders frantically trying to find safe locations while losing artillery duels with the Lyran forces. The next morning the Fourteenth Arcturan Guards assaulted Calcutta, leaving the city surrounded.
League forces under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Omar Malak had fortified inside Calcutta, with the 101st Assault Battalion - one of the battalions from the Tenth Bolan Defenders - intent on making the LCAF pay for every foot of territory gained within the city; in response, Leutnant-General Johonson had Calcutta subjected to heavy air strikes and artillery barrages, leveling the city and killing the defenders. Under the pretext that the Lyrans were a peacekeeping force sent to secure the military supplies secured within the Overwatch - supplies that were enough to support a considerably larger force due to Kenyon Marik's plans to use the worlds of the Bolan Thumb as a launchpad for an invasion of the Commonwealth, before the outbreak of war had forced short-notice redeployments, and which included a substantial nuclear arsenal - and prevent those weapons from being used against the Commonwealth, Johonson called for Colonel Tutt to order his troops to surrender, even as Lyran ground forces closed on the planetary capital city, Mumbai.
Unknown to von Eilenburg, Tutt had already responded to the destruction of Calcutta by ordering the Talwar to bombard the grounded Lyran DropShips from orbit, and the Talwar's initial bombardment began whilst von Eilenburg was communicating with Tutt; in response to von Eilenburg's demands, Tutt issued orders for the Free Worlds League garrison forces to launch scorched earth strikes, determined to deny the Lyrans anything that could be used against the League; Tutt also ordered some of his forces to retreat from Bolan under cover from the Talwar and Turk, and even as the Lyrans destroyed Mumbai Tutt led elements of the Bolan Defenders on a suicidal attack against the Lyran forces there. With the Lyran WarShips bombarding Tutt's troops from orbit, those elements of the Defenders chosen to retreat from Bolan were able to escape, freeing the Talwar and Turk to add to the devastation inflicted by the multiple nuclear weapons launched by the Defenders through further orbital bombardment. As a result, large parts of both Sakete and Kashmir (the northern and southern continents) were still affected by radioactivity as late as the thirty-first century, and the continent of Sabari was still completely uninhabitable. The first nuclear weapons had landed in Mumbai and Peshawar, but additional strikes had also struck at Calcutta and Quetta, reducing all four cities to debris and radioactive ash. The twenty thousand civilians killed by the Lyran firebombing of Calcutta were joined by anything from three to eight million Bolan citizens, killed in Tutt's scorched earth attacks. Just a single battalion from the Sixth Bolan Defenders managed to escape to Zdice, but Tutt's defense of the planet cost the LCAF two thirds of the Tenth Skye Rangers, while both the Eleventh and Fourteenth Arcturan Guards lost a third of their combat strength. While all four Marik WarShips had been destroyed, the Lyrans had lost two Makos, and the Nerva and Vespasian needed two years of repair work before they could return to active service, in addition to the heavy damage taken by the Caledonia.
While Tutt's actions inflicted a toll on the Lyran forces and showcased the fanatical determination of the Defenders as a whole, it also established a precedent that was repeated on many other worlds within the Bolan Thumb, causing devastating loss of life. In some cases, it also led to locals on several planets aiding the LCAF against the Bolan Defenders, viewing the invading Commonwealth forces as the lesser of two evils. Leutnant-General von Eilenburg was promoted for the conquest of Bolan but never again lead a major Lyran operation, and remained a controversial figure in history.
Later Succession Wars
The internal conflicts between the various city-states on Bolan continued up until at least as late as the eve of the Jihad, with the last such conflict prior to the Jihad commencing was a conflict fought between the Quetta and Sibi city-states over a mountain pass, a conflict that required the intervention of the First Bolan Jaegers to resolve. Despite these conflicts Bolan continued to serve as a regional headquarters for bot the Lyran Intelligence Corps and the Lyran Alliance and Lyran Commonwealth Armed Forces throughout the centuries.
The infamous Word of Blake unit the Fifty-second Shadow Division struck at Bolan on the 17th of February 3074. The Fifty-second razed Bolan City, the planetary capital, and shattered the defending mercenary unit, the 2nd Regiment of Brion's Legion. As a result of the attack the ruling family of Bolan fled, leaving Bolan in political turmoil. The Word hit Bolan again a few months later; this time, it was the Fiftieth Shadow Division, who on the 21st of July 3074 took control of the Quetta City State. The Fiftieth remained on Bolan until the 10th of September, at which point they suddenly departed, with thousands of Bolan citizens as prisoners.
In 3079 Bolan resumed its duties as a regional headquarters world. The local militia consisted mostly of weekend warriors and dropouts from the MSMA, and so was less capable of combat operations than most units. They did excel in responding to civil emergencies and disaster relief, however.
Bolan would fall back under Free Worlds League control during the final decade of the Dark Age era. In 3137 the Lyran Commonwealth mounted an invasion of the Duchy of Tamarind-Abbey from Bolan Province which ultimately ended in the Lyrans retreating across the border. Smarting from the prolonged occupation of his capital by the Lyrans, that state's ruler, Duke Fontaine Marik, took advantage of the Commonwealth's weakness to launch his own assault into Lyran territory in early 3146. These efforts culminated in the invasion of Bolan itself in April and despite nearly driving the invaders off, the LCAF garrison was ultimately forced to cede the world to the League. As the Lyran government was preoccupied elsewhere, Bolan's occupation went uncontested. 
- Duke Alder Umayr
- Sixth Bolan Defenders 
- Tenth Bolan Defenders regiment
- Aegis-class heavy cruiser FWLS Manaslu
- League-class destroyers FWLS Talwar, Turk and Tyberium
- Eleventh Arcturan Guards
- Fourteenth Arcturan Guards
- Commonwealth-class cruisers LCS Caledonia and Furillo.
- First Bolan Jaegers
- - At this point in time the 10th operating at 60% of full strength, with 80% of their equipment featuring upgraded technology.
- Second Bolan Guards
Bolan has three major continents; the northern continent is named Sakete, and the southern continent is named Kashmir. The third continent is an island named Sebari, which was rendered uninhabitable by humans during the First Succession War.
|Closest 28 systems (26 within 60 light-years)|
Distance in light years, closest systems first:
- Handbook: House Steiner, p. 76, "Bolan Planet Profile"
- Objectives: Lyran Alliance, p. 11, "Bolan"
- Interstellar Operations, p. 226-229, "Falling Into Fire"
- Shattered Fortress, p. 102, "Inner Sphere - 3151" (Map)
- Era Report: 2750, p. 36, "Inner Sphere - 2750"
- House Marik (The Free Worlds League), p. 16, "Struggle Between Marik and Parliament"
- Handbook: House Marik, p. 13, "Marik Commonwealth world within the Free Worlds League before  and after at their founding in "
- Handbook: House Steiner, p. 13,
- Handbook: House Steiner, p. 25, "Lyran Commonwealth after Age of War "
- Historical: Reunification War, p. 158, "Inner Sphere - 2596"
- Field Manual: SLDF, p. vii, "Inner Sphere -  Map"
- Historical: Liberation of Terra Volume 1, p. 10, "Inner Sphere - 2765"
- First Succession War (Source Book), pp. 24-25, "Inner Sphere -  Map"
- Handbook: House Steiner, p. 36, "Lyran Commonwealth after First Succession War "
- First Succession War (Source Book), pp. 112-113, "Inner Sphere -  Map"
- Handbook: House Steiner, p. 40, "Lyran Commonwealth after Second Succession War "
- Handbook: House Steiner, p. 47, "Lyran Commonwealth after Third Succession War "
- Handbook: House Steiner, p. 56, "Lyran Commonwealth after Fourth Succession War "
- Handbook: House Steiner, p. 59, "Lyran Commonwealth after War of 39 "
- Historical: War of 3039, p. 132, "Inner Sphere - 3040"
- Era Report: 3052, p. 11, "Inner Sphere Map "
- Handbook: House Steiner, p. 61, "Lyran Commonwealth after Clan Invasion  Map"
- Era Report: 3052, p. 23, "Inner Sphere Map "
- Era Report: 3062, p. 11, "Inner Sphere Map "
- Era Report: 3062, p. 29, "Inner Sphere Map "
- Handbook: House Steiner, p. 70, "Lyran Alliance after FedCom Civil War  Map"
- Jihad: Final Reckoning, p. 43, "Inner Sphere Map - [October 3067]"
- Jihad Secrets: The Blake Documents, p. 65, "Inner Sphere  Map"
- Field Report: LAAF, p. 19, "Lyran Commonwealth Deployment Map "
- Jihad: Final Reckoning, p. 63, "Inner Sphere Map - [March 3081]"
- Field Manual: 3085, p. 126, "Inner Sphere Map - [October 3085]"
- Era Report: 3145, p. 10, "Inner Sphere - 3135"
- Era Report: 3145, p. 38, "Inner Sphere - 3145"
- Field Manual: 3145, p. VI, "Inner Sphere - 3145"
- Shattered Fortress, p. 19-20, "At the Lyrans' Side Door"
- Historical: Reunification War, p. 134, "Helbrent to Nightwish (July 2582 - November 2584)"
- First Succession War, p. 17-21, "The Bolan Offensive"
- Interstellar Operations, p. 340, "Cutting Losses"
- Interstellar Operations, p. 300-303, "Pressure Play"
- Jihad Hot Spots: 3076, p. 48, "Timeline of the Jihad"
- Jihad: Final Reckoning, p. 52, "The Jihad In Review"
- Jihad Hot Spots: 3076, p. 52, "Timeline of the Jihad"
- Jihad: Final Reckoning, p. 53, "The Jihad In Review"
- Field Manual: SLDF, p. 255, "SLDF - Lyran Commonwealth Military Command Map"
- Field Report 2765: FWLM, p. 12, "Regimental Status"
- First Succession War (Source Book), p. 139, "First Succession War Deployment Table - LCAF"
- NAIS The Fourth Succession War Military Atlas Volume 1, p.45, "Operation GÖTTERDÄMMERUNG"
- NAIS The Fourth Succession War Military Atlas Volume 1, p. 44, "Operation GÖTTERDÄMMERUNG"
- Historical: War of 3039, p. 140, "Deployment Table"
- Shattered Sphere, p. 51, "Lyran Alliance Deployment Table"
- Field Manual: Updates, p. 179, "Lyran Alliance Deployment Table"
- Field Report: LAAF, p. 13, "Lyran Regulars Regimental Status"
- Field Manual: 3085, p. 107, "Deployment Table - 3085"
- Field Manual: 3145, p. 132, "Lyran Commonwealth Armed Forces - Buena Province"
- House Steiner (The Lyran Commonwealth), p. 141, "Other Major Commonwealth Industries"
- Era Report: 2750
- Era Report: 3052
- Era Report: 3062
- Era Report: 3145
- Field Manual: 3085
- Field Manual: 3145
- Field Manual: SLDF
- Field Manual: Updates
- Field Report: LAAF
- Field Report 2765: FWLM
- First Succession War (Source Book)
- Handbook: House Marik
- Handbook: House Steiner
- Historical: Liberation of Terra Volume 1
- Historical: Reunification War
- Historical: War of 3039
- House Marik (The Free Worlds League)
- House Steiner (The Lyran Commonwealth)
- Interstellar Operations
- Jihad: Final Reckoning
- Jihad Hot Spots: 3076
- Jihad Secrets: The Blake Documents
- NAIS The Fourth Succession War Military Atlas Volume 1
- Objectives: Lyran Alliance
- Shattered Fortress
- Shattered Sphere