Early Life
Born on Capella as the son of Tormax Liao, Maximilian was nephew to Chancellor Ingrid Liao. In 2980, Ingrid died without issue, and Tormax became Chancellor with Maximilian as his heir. These were dark times for the Confederation, with House Liao surrendering territory on nearly every front. This was the setting in 2990, when Maximilian orchestrated a coup of his father's throne, luring his father off of Sian by staging minor religious rebellions on various key worlds and winning the support of the Red Lancers and the Warrior Houses. Maximilian had his father assassinated by poison in 2992.
Early on, Maximilian imposed a number of successful military policies early in his reign, placing greater authority in the hands of regimental commanders. This gave the CCAF the tactical flexibility it needed to properly defend a domain the size of the Confederation. He also expanded the number of Warrior Houses from four to eight. These elite units would be loyal solely to him. Finally, he increased recruitment to the Death Commandos, an even more fanatically loyal unit.
As early as 2997, he began allocating tremendous resources towards the Maskirovka, with the goal of undermining the Federated Suns with special projects ranging from minor global rebellions to sabotage to damaging their scientific community through kidnappings and assassination.
In 3014, Maximilian supported Anton Marik in latter's attempts to usurp his brother, Janos Marik, as Captain-General of the Free Worlds League. Maximilian contacted Anton in 3003. To that end, he transferred the contract to the elite Wolf's Dragoons regiments to Anton's control, and provided financial support as well. Some reports indicate he had even promised Anton the hand of his daughter, Candace Liao, should he have been successful. In the end, Anton failed in his bid and was killed. Nevertheless, House Marik had been weakened and distracted, and it would take time for them to recover. This served Maximilian well, allowing him to focus his attentions elsewhere.
In 3020, he began dealing illicitly with Michael Hasek-Davion, Duke of the Capellan March and a rival of First Prince Hanse Davion. From that point on, Hasek-Davion began illicitly supporting the Confederation with information.
In 3024, in direct response to the FedCom Accords, Maximilian met with Takashi Kurita and his old enemy, Janos Marik, as they signed to Concord of Kapteyn. This was an agreement of mutual support against their common enemies, House Davion and House Steiner. Though some back-and-forth raids would continue between the Confederation and the Free Worlds League, his borders became more stable than they had been in decades.
 Operation Doppelganger
The leader of a nation continually at war with House Davion and the Federated Suns after the dissolution of the Star League, Maximilian Liao almost managed to substitute a mind-wiped double for Prince Hanse Davion of the Federated Suns in 3025, a plan dubbed Operation Doppelganger. Only ingenuity on the part of Ardan Sortek and the security system on Hanse's BattleMaster allowed Hanse to reclaim his identity and kingdom. Hanse later used this act by Maximilian Liao to justify the Fourth Succession War.
 Marriage and Children
 Fourth Succession War
On August 20, 3028, Maximilian attended the wedding of Hanse Davion and Melissa Steiner at ComStar Headquarters on Hilton Head, Terra. At the newlywed couple's wedding reception, as Hanse fed Melissa a piece of their wedding cake, Hanse announced the immortal words:
"Wife, in honor of our marriage, in addition to this morsel I give you a vast prize."
"My love, I give you the Capellan Confederation!"
Maximilian, along with everyone else present, was absolutely shocked by this revelation. Then Maximilian did the unexpected: he jumped to his feet, gathered up the dishes that he used for the wedding feast, and began screaming insults at Hanse.
A bewildered Candace then tried to calm down her raging father, to no avail. Justin Allard, who was sitting at the same table, paid no attention to Maximilian's ranting. He calmly picked up his wine glass and raised it in a toast to Davion, congratulating him not only for his marriage to Melissa, but also for instigating the Fourth Succession War, and humiliating Hanse's (and secretly, Justin's) already mentally deranged enemy (i.e. Maximilian himself). Hanse further enraged Maximilian by completely ignoring him, instead lifting his wine glass and calmly returning Justin's toast.
Hanse Davion launched the Fourth Succession War as a punitive measure against Maximilian. Liao's realm was crushed by the Davion onslaught; the Capellan Confederation Armed Forces was barely one third the size it was at the beginning of the war. Two of his three children defected from the Confederation. By the war's end, Maximilian was no longer mentally capable of acting as Chancellor.
The Fourth Succession War broke Maximilian's mind and he was committed to an insane asylum. Though technically still Chancellor, his daughter Romano ruled in his stead. In 3036, he died of an apparent suicide, though it was speculated he had been assassinated.
 Personality and Traits
Though history would remember him as the madman he became during the Fourth Succession War, Maximilian was an extraordinarily clever planner and manipulator. He reversed what had been a collapsing military, ultimately achieving a position of surprising strength. He secured his throne by playing various sides against each other, and later secured his borders by playing the same game on an Inner Sphere-wide level. He was even willing to play such games between his children, demonstrating a cold ruthlessness. For most of his reign, he was quite successful despite possessing considerably less resources than his rivals. His grandson, Sun-Tzu Liao, would use similar tactics decades later, reversing most of the losses that had broken Maximilian. Despite this, Maximilian was considered a megalomaniac and manic-depressive in the best of times. This helped to allow Justin Xiang to win his complete trust, with devastating results. The complete failure in the Fourth War was too much for his mind to stand, and he fell into complete insanity.
|Chancellor of the Capellan Confederation
| Succeeded by|
 Portrait Gallery
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Historical: Brush Wars, p. 14-15, "Maximilian Liao"
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 House Liao (The Capellan Confederation), p. 51, "Maximilian"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 House Liao (The Capellan Confederation), p. 55, "Concord of Kapteyn"
- ↑ House Liao (The Capellan Confederation), pp. 50-51
- ↑ House Liao (The Capellan Confederation), p. 51, "Warriors Vs. Regulars"
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 House Liao (The Capellan Confederation), pp. 53-54, "The Davion Question"
- ↑ House Liao (The Capellan Confederation), p. 52, "Dealing With Marik"
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 House Liao (The Capellan Confederation), p. 123
- ↑ House Liao (The Capellan Confederation), p. 53, "Cloning Hanse"
- ↑ House Liao (The Capellan Confederation), p. 126, "Elizabeth Jordon Liao"
- ↑ Warrior: Riposte, p.236
- ↑ FedCom Civil War (sourcebook), p. 9
- ↑ NAIS The Fourth Succession War Military Atlas, Vol. 2, pp. 92-93, "End of the War"
- 20 Year Update
- FedCom Civil War (sourcebook)
- Historical: Brush Wars
- House Liao (The Capellan Confederation)
- NAIS The Fourth Succession War Military Atlas Volume 2
- The Sword and the Dagger
- Warrior: Coupe (Novel)
- Warrior: En Garde (Novel)
- Warrior: Riposte (Novel)